On 12nd June, 2017 in Astana with support of graduates club of the business school RGU named after Gubkin was held an event dedicated to the topic of Alternative Energy Resources. One of the founders of this club, Elmar Sultanov , made a report "Energy on the surface":
"The oil age did not end for lack of oil"
Similar to any process, age has its growth, mature and decline. This fact is not determined of oil & gas resources depletion. It is conditioned and defined by the fact that world intellectually approached to the threshold, where energy has to be consumed from inexhaustible resources. Unfortunately, in CIS countries there are still certain factors hampering the effective use and development of alternative energy resources (AER). One of the most important factors is large oil & gas reserves. This brings up another point: "Why is it necessary to develop AER, if there is a crude oil reserve? A clue to any question hidden in the question itself. A little lower, we will get back to this issue, with available answer.
The second important factor hindering the development of AER is the weak investment program, which is the result of the lack of legislative framework protecting the rights of investors. Furthermore, the established and continuous course of development of the government leads to the unwillingness and reluctance to develop alternative energy. What may facilitates transition to AER in that situation? There are main reasons for the transition to AER:
- Global-ecological - forced transition to AER as a result of the environmental crisis, which entails a number of other serious consequences.
- Political- the world superiority and political stability of the country on a global scale is determined by one of the most important factors - supply. The timely development of the AER will determine the world players in the political arena.
- Economic- reducing the budget leads to other social problems such as low GDP per capita.
- Social- isolation adversely affects the development of all spheres.
- Evolutionary-historical. Every era has its own cycle: growth, mature and decline. Exhausted energy resources are living a recession today, and this process is inevitable.
The Universal Law of Balance works here as well: there are constraining circumstances, which were mentioned earlier and contributing circumstances-a large territory, huge reserve of natural resources. A large area can be used for the production of energy. The territorial factor is favorable for all kinds of AER production, especially huge potential have wood biomasses, hydropower. With the existing potential and proper financing, we can get a huge leap both in the use of existing technologies and in the progressive development of innovative technologies, which will make the economies of the CIS countries more sustainable.
Earlier, we raised a question: "Why is it necessary to develop AER, if there is a raw material reserve? The total rejection of raw energy is not quite conceptually correct. There is a model of an integrated approach in the use of both raw energy and AER in all sectors of end-users.
Motivation plays an important role, which is the main engine in all processes. A motivation program designed for all segments of the population can lead to favorable conditions for the development of technology and the widespread use of AER. A simplified tax system for applying to organizations that follow the development of AER program in the region, the possibility of selling surplus electricity to the general network by means of blockchain funds will create interest among the private sector and will also prevent the formation of surplus consumption of AER. One of the innovations that we are proposing today is both a motivating factor and a favorable influence on the economy of the country as a whole.
Blockchain as a method of maintaining a database is not a know-how, but the idea of using it in various industries made this system of accounting a revolutionary solution, using all the advantages of a distributed database, such as reliability, openness and transparency. We propose to build a power transmission system combining with micro networks. Each participant of the micro network will have the opportunity to extract, store, and also buy and sell electricity in the network through the means of blockchain. This approach will be interesting starting from the private sector up to large enterprises, due to the opportunity to provide themselves with free energy and to earn on the sale of surpluses.
By implementing these systems, we will be able to focus on the problem of climate deterioration not only for scientists, but also for every inhabitant of our land, and enable them, with benefit, to participate in a global agreement on reducing emissions, thereby contributing to the reduction Global warming. Sages will say:
"If you want to change the world, start with yourself"